Institute of Mechatronics

The aim of the Institute of Mechatronics is to synergistically combine activities related to research, studies and provision of information in the field of mechatronics including but not limited to adaptive piezomechanical systems, smart materials, structures and devices, microsystems dynamics, biomechanics/biomechatronics, robotics, real-time data analysis and control, etc.

Studentų St. 56
Kaunas, Lithuania
phone: +370 (37) 300 909
email: mechatronics@ktu.lt

mechatronics.ktu.edu

The Institute of Mechatronics was established in 2005 through the support of EU Structural Funds on the basis of former Institute of Piezomechanics that dates back to 1999. The institute seeks to become the major mechatronics hub in the region by providing for partners from academia and industry access to advanced scientific equipment and specific expertise required for research and development of innovative mechatronics-related solutions.

 
 
 
 

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Research Fields

  • Research and development of diagnostic devices for fitness monitoring purposes, application of vibrational methods for human health improvement.
  • Application of inertial sensors for analysis of biomechanical parameters.
  • Characterization and analysis of human motion (e.g. equilibrium, gait, running, rowing; gait and power analysis).
  • Research of electrical activity of human muscles (registration and analysis of human muscle-skeletal system).
  • Modeling and numerical study of human body and motion (MSC/ADAMS+LifeModeler, SolidWorks Simulation, etc.).
  • Research of novel smart materials and their application for development of high-resolution actuators.
  • Research of biomaterials subjected to extension-compression (native foot, collarbone, tibia, teeth, etc.).

  • Erythrocytes flow via capillaries, finite element models and mechanical actuators of human limbs for prevention of arthritis and diabetes.
  • Improvement of blood circulation by personalization of human cardiovascular system using stents and prosthesis (design, simulation, fabrication).
  • Theoretical and experimental studies intended to improve separation of erythrocytes and lipids during blood purification.
  • Development of MOEMS-based displacement-pressure sensor for real-time monitoring of biological information, e.g. in vivo and in vitro pulse analysis.
  • Research of influence of skin rheological properties during identification of biomechanical parameters aimed at development of more reliable technologies for physical activity monitoring and diagnostics.
  • Mathematical modeling of human spine segment, development of spine diagnostics equipment to evaluate the influence of specific lateral bending movements (“goldfish” exercise) on human spine.
  • Vibrational excitation of human body surface by acoustic waves.
  • Development of wearable electromagnetic heart stimulator for the unsettled geomagnetic field compensation.
  • Research and development of vibrational cutting methods for hard and brittle materials.
  • Multiphysics modeling and numerical study of piezoelectric and piezotronic nanowire-based force sensors including polymer-encapsulated ZnO nanowire arrays intended for high-resolution fingerprint identification.
  • Simulation-assisted design, prototyping and characterization of wearable vibration energy harvesters with piezoelectric materials, operating on the basis of magnetic interaction.
  • Simulation-assisted design, prototyping and characterization of low-frequency wideband vibration energy harvesters with piezoelectric materials, operating on the basis of contact interaction.  
  • Simulation-assisted design, prototyping and characterization of actuators with embedded smart materials for ultra-precision control of laser light intensity/directionality.
  • High-precision microvalves with piezoelectric actuators for control of alternating pressure systems applied in medical equipment.
  • Application of laser vibrometry and holographic interferometry for in-depth characterization of dynamics of macro- and micro-structures.
  • Simulation-assisted design, prototyping and characterization of sensors, actuators and energy harvesting devices with embedded smart materials (e.g. piezoelectric, magneto-rheological fluids) intended for various industrial, (bio)medical, aerospace and other applications.
  • Simulation-assisted design, prototyping and characterization of smart composite materials with embedded sensors for structural health monitoring.
  • Simulation-assisted design, prototyping and characterization of high-performance cutting and automated assembly tools. Applications of reverse engineering methods.
  • Application of vibrational methods and development of vibration-assisted devices intended for integration within health/fitness equipment (e.g. for monitoring of biomechanical parameters, improvement of microcirculation, tactile information transfer, etc.).
  • Simulation-assisted design, prototyping and characterization of high-precision ultrasonic waveguide-based devices for blood-vessel cleaning, rehabilitation equipment for enhancement of human coordination. Study of early diagnostics of osteoarthritis and biomechanical investigations of osteosynthesis.
  • Research of artificial intelligence by using autonomous robots, which are based on relatively simple actuation systems but are characterized by high degree of sensorization. 

Projects

Current

  • Go-Smart – Microsensors, Microactuators and Control Devices for Mechatronics Systems
  • R&D of High Resolution competitive piezoelectric rotary tables
  • FP7 project “ManuFuture View on Horizon 2020 (M-Future2013)” (2012 – 2014) (grant agreement No. 319179)
  • FP7 project “High-resolution Fingerprint Sensing with Vertical Piezoelectric Nanowire Matrices (PiezoMAT)” (2013 – 2016) (grant agreement No. 611019)
  • EUROSTARS project E!7288 “Mobile-Based Tool for Mechanical Manufacturing Equipment (MOINFO)“ (2012 – 2015)
  • LMT research project “Design and Investigation of Energy Harvester for Autonomous Micromechatronical Systems (VibroHarvester)“ (2012 – 2014) (contract No. MIP-060/2012)

Past

  • Project „SPA - Smart piezoelectric actuators for precision motion control“, EC "Copernicus" project  CP941109, 1994 – 1997.
  • Twinning Project
  • EC "Inco-Copernicus"
  • Project „ITACTI - Smart Interactive Tactile Interface Effecting Graphical Display for the Visually Impaired“ (IST-2001-32240 ITACTI, 2001-2005)
  • Project „MINUET - „Miniaturised ultrasonic, engineered-structure and LTCC-Based Devices for Acoustics, Fluidics,Optics and Robotics“, FW6, 2007 (Project no. NMP2-CT-2004-505657)
  • GonoTest – R&D of nanoresolution mechatronic devices for measuring the accuracy of angles
  • Piezoelectric actuators for Solar array deployment and their control in small- and micro-satellites: design, manufacturing and tuning
  • Piezoelectric motors for small Satellites
  • R&D of nanotechnologies for oscillation and impact supressing of electronic systems
  • Applying theoretical and experimental methods for investigating the influence of high frequency oscillations on the characteristics of elastic biological components

Partners

  • Kaunas City Heat and Power Plant (Lithuania)
  • The Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
  • Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (Lithuania)
  • Siauliai University (Lithuania)
  • Klaipeda University (Lithuania)
  • Biomedical Engineering Institute at KTU (Lithuania)
  • Precizika Metrology, JSC (Lithuania)
  • Fraunhofer institutes: IPT, IAF (Germany)
  • CEA Institute for Electronics and Information Technologies (CEA-Leti) (France)
  • Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork (Ireland)
  • Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science of Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA EK MFA) (Hungary)
  • Leipzig University (Germany)
  • Morpho S.A.S., Safran Group (France)
  • Specific Polymers (France)

Director – Professor Vytautas Ostaševičius, DSc

phone: +370 (37) 300 909
email: vytautas.ostasevicius@ktu.lt

Laboratories

Dynamics Laboratory
Contact Person – Rolanas Dauksevicius, DSc
mob. phone: +370 (682) 67 170
email: rolanas.dauksevicius@ktu.lt

  • Numerical and experimental study of MEMS technology-, materials- and dynamics-related problems. Design, simulation and electromechanical characterization of vibration energy harvesting devices as well as their integration into wireless sensors.
  • Multiphysics finite element modeling of macro/micro/nano-scale piezoelectric transducers: numerical study of vibration modes and optimization of dynamic behavior, simulation of electromechanical effects, nonlinear contact interactions, vibro-impact processes and different coupled-field phenomena (squeeze-film damping, thermally-induced stresses, etc.).
  • Design and realization of self-powered wireless sensors (inertial, temperature) and their application for condition monitoring of cutting tools.
  • Investigation of advanced machining processes: design, simulation, fabrication and characterization of vibration-assisted turning, drilling and milling (micro) tools.
  • Research and implementation of diagnostic devices for fitness monitoring purposes, application of vibrational methods for human health improvement. Application of inertial sensors for analysis of biomechanical parameters.

Biomechatronics Laboratory
Contact Person – Aurelijus Domeika, DSc
email: aurelijus.domeika@ktu.lt

    Measurement and analysis of human motion (i.e.: equilibrium, gait, running, rowing; dynamical force platform is included for balance, gait and power analysis);
    • Researches of electrical activity of human muscles (registration and analysis of human muscle-skeletal system);
    • Modelling of human body and motion (using: MSC/ADAMS+LifeModeler, Solid Works + SolidWorks Simulation and other software);
    • Researches and analysis of biomaterials in extension – compression (native foot, collarbone, tibia, teeth et cetera).

    Robotics and Piezomechanics Laboratory
    Contact Person – Ramutis Bansevicius, BSc
    phone: +370 (37) 300 910
    email: ramutis.bansevicius@ktu.lt

    • Structures, control, diagnostics and self-repair of Active kinematic pairs;
    • High resolution 3D piezoelectric positioning systems on the plane and in space;
    • Piezoelectric robots: development and investigations;
    • R&D of robots’ piezoelectric eyes with sight direction control;
    • Low cost piezoelectric systems and piezoelectric toys;
    • Trunk like robots and manipulators, based on the application of elastic kinematic  links with many DOF;
    • Asymmetric (non-harmonic) and traveling waves  types oscillation concentrators;
    • High resolution piezoelectric scanners/deflectors with unlimited angular displacements;
    • Piezoelectric attitude control systems and devices for nano- and pico satellites;
    • R&D of means to increase the tribological reliability  of piezoelectric motors;
    • Tactile systems with piezoelectric thimbles for blind and visually impaired, allowing them to conceive graphics and color of lines or background;
    • Destruction of thrombi in occluded blood vessels by using ultrasonic cavitation effect.
    • Homogenizing the liquids with different viscosity, using high intensity ultrasonic technologies; 
    • The control of the coefficient of impact restitution, using smart materials and functional layers.

    Actuators Laboratory
    Contact Person – Vytautas Jurenas, DSc
    email: vytautas.jurenas@ktu.lt

    • Research of artificial intelligence by using autonomous robots, which are based on relatively simple actuation systems but are characterized by high degree of sensorization.
    • Research of new "smart" materials and their application for development of high-resolution actuators.

    Infrastructure

    1. 3D printers for additive manufacturing of polymeric prototypes
    1.1 SLS-type 3D printer EOS Formiga P110 (material – Polyamide 12 powder).
    1.2 SLA-type 3D printer Stratasys Objet30 (material – photopolymer).
    1.3 FDM-type 3D printer Stratasys Dimension BST 768 (material – ABS filament).
    1.4 3D printer Ultimaker 2 (material – PLA filament).
     
    2. Biomechatronics equipment
    2.1 High-speed multi-camera 3D motion capture and analysis system by Qualisys AB based on 300 fps cameras Oqus 7+ including analysis software Visual3D.
    2.2 High-accuracy force measuring platforms AMTI Optima 400600 for full gait cycle analysis (synchronized with Qualisys 3D motion analysis system). 
    2.3 On-body wireless 3D kinematics measurement system for real-time human motion tracking based on inertial sensors (with 60 Hz update rate): MVN BIOMECH Awinda + software MVN Studio BIOMECH (Xsens Technologies B.V.).
    2.4 Pressure mapping in-shoe sensing system for foot function & gait analysis F-Scan (Tekscan Inc.) and OpenGo Science (Moticon GmbH) for analysis of contact forces of the human foot.  
    2.5 Balance analysis system Balance SD (Biodex Medical Systems Inc.).
    2.6 A set of training equipment: i) specialized treadmill with integrated force plate FDM-THM-S (HP, Zebris Medical GmbH); ii) stationary bicycle; iii) rowing machine; iv) small devices for different training (balance platforms and etc.)  
    2.7 Digital ultrasound diagnostics system (2D and M mode) LogicScan 128 CEXT-1Z with Echo Wave II (Telemed Ltd).
    2.8 Wireless telemetric EMG system TeleMyo DTS 2400R G2 (Noraxon Inc.) with a set of various sensors: force transducers, goniometers, inclinometers, accelerometers, hand dynamometers and foot switches. 
    2.9 Portable wireless EEG recorder BE Micro (EB Neuro S.p.A.).
    2.10 EEG-based neuroheadset Emotiv EPOC.
    2.11 Wearable telemetric metabolic measurement system Cosmed K5 based on exhaled gas sensing.
    2.12 Anthropometric kit: BSL MP36 (Biopac Inc.), "Harpenden" anthropometer (Holtain Ltd.), segmental body composition analyzer Tanita BC-418.
    2.13 Digital acoustic noise measurement and creation instruments: K-Array KR202, Yamaha MGP12X, Sony DWZ M50, NTI AL1 + NTI mini SPL. 
    2.14 Virtual reality simulation system Cyber-I, head-mounted display Visette 45 SXGA.
    2.15 Isokinetic dynamometer HUMAC NORM 770 (CSMi Solutions) with a set of various adaptors for hands, legs and back analysis and training. 
     
    3. Vibration testing tools
    3.1 A set of Polytec laser Doppler vibrometers (LDV) for in-depth dynamic characterization of both macro- and micro-scale structures:
    3.1.1 Full-field 3D scanning LDV system Polytec PSV-500-3D-HV for full modal analysis of mini & macro structures (up to 25 MHz).
    3.1.2 Microscope-based optical testing system Polytec MSA-500-TPM for out-of-plane/in-plane vibration and topography measurements of MEMS components. The system may be mounted onto manual or vacuum probe station (Cascade Microtech PMS150 or PLV50) for measurements both in ambient conditions or in high vacuum at elevated temperatures (up to 10-5 mbar & +200°C).
    3.1.3 Single-point high-sensitivity autofocusing LDV system Polytec OFV-505 + OFV-5000.
    3.1.4 Single-point fiber-optic differential LDV system Polytec OFV-512 + OFV-5000.
    3.1.5 Rotational laser vibrometer Polytec RLV-5500.
    3.2 Digital holographic interferometry system HYTEC PRISM for full-field real-time measurements of displacement and deformation fields.
    3.3 CCD laser displacement sensor Keyence LK-G82 + LK-G3001PV for vibration measurements (1 Hz – 20 kHz). 
    3.4 Electrodynamic shaker with closed-loop vibration control B&K LDS V555 + PA1000L + Type 7542 for dynamic testing of various structures up to 25 kg (harmonic, random, shock excitation in a 20 Hz – 6.3 kHz range with acceleration up to 100g).
    3.5 Compact electromagnetic shaker Wilcoxon F4 (with impedance head Z7 for acceleration & force measurements) and piezoelectric shaker Wilcoxon F7-1.
    3.6 Vibration signal analyzer B&K PULSE Type 3560C. 
    3.7 Accelerometers: 
    3.7.1 B&K. Charge-type models: 4371 (general-purpose), 4374-S (subminiature), 8309 (high-g & wideband: for shocks), charge-to-Deltatron converter Model 2647. IEPE models: 4513-B-002 (high-sensitivity, TEDS) & 4519-003 (miniature).
    3.7.2 MEGGITT Endevco. High-temperature charge-type Models 2276 & 2248 (miniature), triaxial IEPE Models 66A50-X & 66A11.
    3.7.3 MMF Metra. Charge-type KS93 (miniature), KD91. 
    3.8 B&K microphones Models 4191-B-001 & 4939-B-002. B&K force transducer Model 8230-003.
    3.9 A set of vibration-isolation tables (Standa Ltd).
     
    4. Mechanical testing and characterization tools
    4.1 Multi-module indentation (MHT) & scratch (MST) measurement system OPX-MCT by CSM Instruments (Anton Paar). 
    4.2 Rheometer Anton Paar MCR302 (with PS-MRD, PP20/MRD and TG/MRD) for characterization of MR fluids. 
    4.3 High-speed impact tester: a customized version of FW Magnus 1000 50m/s (Coesfeld GmbH & Co. KG).
    4.4 Static and dynamic fatigue testing machine Instron E10000.
    4.5 Dual-column tensile testing machine Tinius Olsen H25KT (25 kN) including a set of grips for hard and soft materials.
    4.6 Coordinate measuring machine DEA GLOBAL Silver Performance.
    4.7 2-components dynamometer with signal conditioner Kistler 9345B + 5018A1003 for measurements of axial force (up to 10 kN) and torque (up to 25 Nm).
    4.8 Portable roughness meter Mitutoyo SJ-210.
     
    5. Robotics equipment
    5.1 ABB industrial robots: IRB 1200, IRB 120, 2xIRB 360.
    5.2 Collaborative humanoid robot for assembly automation ABB YuMi IRB 14000. 
    5.3 5-fingered robot hand HIRO. 
    5.4 Humaniform robot hand Shadow Dexterous Hand.
    5.5 Personalizable and interactive humanoid robot NAO V5 (Aldebaran Robotics).
    5.6 Mobile robotics device Festo Robotino and a set of robotics-related devices and accessories.
    5.7 A set of various laboratory-grade analysis and demonstration tools for mechatronics/robotics investigations (ITT Group HL01 Robotic HomeLab Basic kit, ITT Group HL02 Robotic HomeLab Add-On kit).
    5.8 Small-scale automated assembly line by FESTO for training purposes.
     
    6. Infrared & high-speed cameras
    6.1 Digital high-speed cameras:
    6.1.1 Phantom v711 (7.5K fps @ 1280x800, max: 1.4M fps @ 128x8).
    6.1.2 MOTION PRO 10000.
    6.2 Infrared cameras: 
    6.2.1 High-speed & high-sensitivity IR camera FLIR SC7500 (380 Hz @ 320x256, max: +3000°C, 39.8 kHz @ 64x4).
    6.2.2 Portable IR camera with LCD display FLIR T450sc (60 Hz @ 320x240, max +1500°C).
    6.2.3 Compact IR camera ThermoVision A-20M (60 Hz @ 160x120).
     
    7. 3D laser scanners
    7.1 Portable 3D laser scanner FARO Focus3D X 130 for accurate (±2 mm) and mid-range (0.6 – 130 m) measurements of various complex structures, large-volume components, building facades, etc. 
    7.2 Portable 7-axis measuring arm with integrated high-performance 3D laser scanner FARO Edge ScanArm for ultrahigh-resolution (±0.034 mm) and short-range (up to 1.8 m) measurements.
    7.3 Handheld self-positioning 3D laser scanner Creaform Go!Scan 50 for high-resolution (±0.5 mm) and high-speed measurements in full color (component size range: 0.3 – 3 m).
    7.4 Handheld self-positioning 3D laser scanner Creaform HandySCAN 700 for very high-resolution (±0.05 mm) and high-speed measurements in full color (component size range: 0.1 – 4 m). 
     
    8. Optical microscopes
    8.1 Motorized (z axis) microscope Nikon Eclipse LV100ND (objectives: x5…x100): episcopic/diascopic illumination, 16 MPx FX-format CMOS digital camera DS-Ri2 (capture of low-noise color images: up to 6 fps @ 4908x3264, 45 fps @ 1636x1088), imaging software NIS-Elements (EDF, stereovision, 3D surface, TimeLapse, Macro, etc.).
    8.2 Manual microscope Nikon Eclipse LV150 with monochrome digital camera Infinity 1-1. 
     
    9. Electrical measuring instruments and tools
    9.1 Probe stations for MEMS electrical testing: Cascade Microtech PMS150 (manual) and PLV50 (vacuum, +200°C).
    9.2 2-channel wide-range high-resolution SMU Keithley SourceMeter 2614B (±200 V, ±1.5 A DC).
    9.3 Precision impedance analyzer Wayne Kerr Electronics 6510B (20 Hz – 10 MHz).
    9.4 Spectrum analyzer GW INSTEK GSP-930 (9 kHz – 3 GHz).
    9.5 Oscilloscopes: 
    9.5.1 4-channel mixed signal oscilloscope Yokogawa DLM2034 (350 MHz).
    9.5.2 4-channel USB oscilloscopes: PICO 3424, 4424, 6403.
    9.6 Generators:
    9.6.1 Function generator Escort EGC-3235A.
    9.6.2 Function/arbitrary waveform generator Agilent 33220A.
    9.6.3 2-channel function/arbitrary waveform generator Rigol DG1032Z.
    9.6.4 4-channel function generator Tabor WW5064.
    9.7 Amplifiers:
    9.7.1 General-purpose piezo amplifier Piezo Systems EPA-104 (DC – 0.3 MHz, 40 W).
    9.7.2 High-power piezo amplifier Lab Systems A-310 (DC – 0.3 MHz, 250 W).
    9.7.3 Wideband power amplifier Krohn-Hite 7500 with impedance matching transformer MT56R (DC – 1 MHz, 75 W).
    9.7.4 High-frequency high-current amplifier Newtons4th LPA05 (DC – 1 MHz, 90 VA).
    9.7.5 Wideband amplifier Newtons4th LPA01 (DC – 1 MHz).
    9.7.6 4-channel signal conditioner Measurement Specialties 161A (for piezoelectric transducers).
    9.8 Power supplies:
    9.8.1 3-channel Rigol DP831A (160 W).
    9.8.2 3-channel Keithley 2230-30-1 (120 W).
    9.9 Programmable amplifier AIM TTI EX355P 
    9.10 Data acquisition:
    9.10.1 High-performance reconfigurable NI system 781787-02 for embedded monitoring and control of analog signals (CRIO-9082, 8-Slot, LX150, RT).
    9.10.2 Data acquisition system ALMEMO 5690-2M09BT8.
    9.11 Electric and magnetic field analyzer EHP-50D by Narda Safety Test Solutions.
    9.12 3-axis magnetometer Lake Shore 460 with sensor probe MMZ-2508-UH.
    9.13 Single-axis magnetometer Magnet-Physik FH-54.
    9.14 Portable multifunctional environment meter Velleman DVM401 (noise, temperature, humidity, illuminance measurements). 
    9.15 Acoustic noise measurement instrument VT-400.
    9.16 Portable 2-channel acoustic emission measurement unit MISTRAS Pocket AE-2.
     
    10. Miscellaneous
    10.1 1000 ltr. environmental chamber JTH-1000Z with humidity & temperature control (-5…+150°C).
    10.2 General-purpose vacuum chamber.
    10.3 Solder fume extraction cabinet with filtering BOFA V250 with FumeCAB.
    10.4 A setup for research/demonstration of lumped-parameter dynamical systems DSS-01.